安徽省宿州市-学年高一下学期期中考试英语试卷

时间:2020-06-15 12:00:16 考试英语 我要投稿

安徽省宿州市2018-2019学年高一下学期期中考试英语试卷

  一、阅读理解

安徽省宿州市2018-2019学年高一下学期期中考试英语试卷

  Garden of the Drunken Bai Pond

  With a history of more than 300 years, the Pond of the Drunken Bai, a classical garden in the style of Ming Dynasty, is among the Five Classical Gardens in Shanghai. “Bai” is said to be Li Bai, a famous poet in the Tang Dynasty. However, some believe that “Bai” indicates Bai Juyi, another well-known poet in the Tang Dynasty.

  Zhujiajiao Ancient Town

  Located at the bank of the Dianshan Lake in Qingpu District, Zhujiajiao Ancient Town, with a history of over 1,000 years, has been known as “Venice of Shanghai” for its simple but attractive appearance. Inside the own are rivers and bridges, giving tourists a sense of the ancient time.

  Upside-down House

  In China, the upside-down house is a new thing, but in foreign countries, it is getting more and more popular in recent years, especially in Poland. As is name suggests, the house is built inverted(倒置的). Inside it, all the furniture and household items are placed upside down. People will feel the magic of a disorder space when walking in the house.

  Chenshan Botanical Garden

  The garden covers a total area of about 206 hectares(公顷). Its theme is “plant and Health”, combining research, education and landscape appreciation. It opened to the public in April, 20xx, and is expected to be the largest one in Shanghai.

  Tickets: 40 yuan per person; children under l.2m: free of charge if accompanied by an adult.

  1.Which of the following might have the longest history

  A. Upside down House.B. Zhujiajiao Ancient Town.

  C. Chenshan Botanical Garden.D. Garden of the Drunken Bai Pond.

  2.What can we know about the upside-down house

  A. It is the most popular tourist attraction in Poland.

  B. It is increasing in popularity in foreign countries.

  C. It is the latest fashion sweeping across the whole world.

  D. It has been completely accepted both at home and abroad.

  3.How much will a couple with a kid(1.4m)pay for Chenshan Botanical Garden

  A. 80 yuanB. 100 yuan

  C. 120 yuanD. 160 yuan

  About six years ago I was going through a tough time, trying to work two jobs to afford my rent. On a cold Sunday morning, I went to GameStop-a video game retailer(零售商), to cancel the game I’d booked. A woman in a car parked outside called me when I exited the store. Though it was in broad daylight, I was shy about it and kept some distance when I walked over. She said she couldn’t walk and requested me to purchase a Kinect, a popular game, for her as her son’s Christmas gift. Because of her leg disease it was painful for her to move around. She called ahead but the employee(雇员)wasn’t willing to help. She gave me about $ 100 in cash and her credit card.

  I walked back in and bought the Kinect. Then it occurred to me that this woman, a complete stranger, trusted me. What was it that stopped me from lying about the payment method and just pocket her cash She couldn’t know I wasn’t a cheat; and how could she possibly believe in someone so much

  I handed her the cash back, explaining I had to pay with her card-it was above $ 100 at the time, and handed over the game and her credit card. “This is what my son’s been longing for. Thank you! By the way, just from glancing at you, I know you are the one who will be a friend to someone in need. You have a face of an angel!” she said. She gave me $ 10 and refused to take it back. Then she drove away.

  She had no idea how much of a difference even $ 10 made. I was able to buy a few cheap groceries for the week and it really made a hard time in my life a little better. She may think I helped her; however, I truly feel like the one who was being gifted something amazing.

  1.What can we infer from Paragraph 1

  A. The author canceled the video game for saving money.

  B. The author worked so hard that there was no time for games.

  C. The author was unwilling to help and kept a distance from the woman.

  D. The woman requested the author to purchase a Kinect for her son’s birthday.

  2.What can we know about the woman

  A. She gave the author $ 10 for the video game.

  B. She chose the author because he was handsome.

  C. She might not know exactly how much the video game would cost.

  D. She didn’t buy the video game by herself because of her laziness.

  3.Which of the following words can best describe the author

  A. Kind and honest.B. Brave and curious.

  C. Humorous and wise.D. Determined and energetic.

  4.What can be the best title for the text

  A. Kinect, a popular game.B. Help others, help yourself.

  C. A stranger who had faith in me.D. An experience that changed my life.

  Leadership today is not about forcing others to do things. If this is even possible, it is short-term. If you order someone to do something against their will, they may do it because they feel they must, but the anger they feel will do more harm in the long-term. They will also experience fear.

  Fear causes the thinking brain to shut down, making the person unable to function at his or her best. If they connect you with this emotion of fear, they will become less functional around you, and you will have succeeded in not only shooting yourself in the foot, but possibly making a very good employee or partner unable to perform effectively. Fear has no place in leadership.

  The way we affect people in a lasting way is by our own character, and our understanding and use of emotion. We can order someone to do something, which may be part of the work day, or we can employ them at the emotional level, so they become fully devoted to the projects and provide some of their own motivation(积极性).

  Today’s work place is all about relationships. Anyone works harder in a positive environment in which they’re recognized and valued as a human being as well as a worker. Everyone produces just a bit more for someone they like. Leaders understand the way things work. They know money is not the only most motivating factor in the work life of most people.

  The true strength of leadership is an inner strength that comes from the confidence of Emotional Intelligence-knowing your own emotions, and how to deal with them and those of others. Developing your emotional intelligence is the best thing you can do if you want to develop your relationships with people around you, which is the key to the leadership skills.

  1.When may an employee have a feeling of fear in the work place

  A. He is forced to do things.B. He cannot work at his best.

  C. He feels his brain shut down.D. He thinks of this work as a burden.

  2.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage

  A. People like to connect leadership with fear.

  B. Good relationship is the key to business success.

  C. Working conditions affect people’s physical health.

  D. Smart people are more functional in the work place.

  3.To positively affect employees, what should a leader do first of all

  A. Provide better suggestions.B. Develop his own personality.

  C. Hide his own emotion of fear.D. Give his employees a pay rise.

  4.Good leadership is mainly seen in a leader’s ability to ___________.

  A. give employees specific instructionsB. help raise employees’ living standards

  C. deal wisely with employees’ emotionsD. provide a variety of projects for employees

  We now think that chocolate is sweet, but once it was bitter. We think of it as a candy, but once it was a medicine. Today, chocolate can be a hot drink, a frozen dessert, or just a snack. Sometimes it’s an ingredient(构成部分)in the main course of a meal. Mexicans make a hot chocolate sauce called Mole and pour it over chicken. The Mexicans also eat chocolate with spices like chili peppers.

  Chocolate is a product of the tropical cacao tree. The beans taste so bitter that even the monkeys say “Ugh!” and run away. Workers must first dry and then roast the beans. This removes the bitter taste.

  The word “chocolate” comes from a Mayan word. The Mayas were an ancient people who once lived in Mexico. They valued the cacao tree. Some used the beans for money, while others crushed them to make a drink.

  When the Spaniards came to Mexico in the sixteenth century, they started drinking cacao, too. Because the drink was strong and bitter, they thought it was a medicine. No one had the idea of adding sugar. The Spaniards took some beans back to Europe and opened cafes. Wealthy people drank cacao and said it was good for the digestion.

  In the 1800s, the owner of a chocolate factory in England discovered that sugar removed the bitter taste of cacao. It quickly became a cheap and popular drink. Soon afterwards, a factory made the first solid block of sweetened chocolate. Later on, another factory mixed milk and chocolate together. People liked the taste of milk chocolate even better.

  Besides the chocolate candy bar, one of the most popular American snacks is the chocolate chip cookie. Favorite desserts are the chocolate cream pie and, of course, an ice cream sundae with hot fudge sauce.

  1.It was _______ that discovered sugar could remove the bitter taste of cacao.

  A. the SpaniardsB. the people in England

  C. the owner of a chocolate factoryD. the workers in the chocolate factory

  2.According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE

  A. The word “chocolate” comes from a Mexican word.

  B. The beans taste so bitter that even the monkeys like them.

  C. Workers must dry and roast the beans to remove the bitter taste.

  D. Nobody had the idea of adding sugar until the sixteenth century.

  3.The Spaniards think that cacao was a medicine because ________.

  A. it cured man’s diseasesB. it was good for digestion

  C. it was strong and bitterD. it was a kind of drink for good health

  4.Which is the right time order of the events regarding chocolate

  a. The Spaniards started drinking cacao.

  b. A factory mixed milk and chocolate together.

  c. It was found that sugar removed the bitter taste of cacao.

  d. Chocolate became a cheap and popular drink in England.

  e. A factory made the first solid block of sweetened chocolate.

  A. a-c-d-e-bB. a-c-b-e-d

  C. a-c-e-b-dD. d-e-a-c-b

  二、七选五

  What I should keep in mind:

  Everybody doesn’t have to love me. I don’t necessarily like everybody I know, so why should everybody else like me I enjoy being liked and being loved, but if someone doesn’t like me, I will still be okay and still feel like I am an okay person. 1.. I don’t need approval all the time. If someone does not approve of me, I will still be okay.

  I don’t have to control things. I will survive if things are different than what I want them to be. I can accept things the way they are, accept people the way they are, and accept myself the way I am. There is no reason to get upset if I can’t change things to fit my idea of how they ought to be. There is no reason why I have to like everything. 2..

  I am responsible for my day. I am responsible for how I feel and what I do. Nobody can make me feel anything. If I have a rotten day, I am the one who allowed it to be that way. If I have a great day, I am the one who deserves credit for being positive. It is not the responsibility of other people to change so that I can feel better. 3..

  It is important to try. I can. Even though I may be faced with difficult tasks, it is better to try than to avoid them. Avoiding a task does not give me any opportunities for success or joy, but trying does. 4.. I might not be able to do everything, but I can do something.

  I can be flexible. 5.. More than one person has good ideas that will work. Everybody has ideas that are worthwhile. Some may make more sense to me than others, but everyone’s ideas are worthwhile, and everyone has something worthwhile to contribute.

  A. I can get along well with them.

  B. Even if I don’t like it, I can live with it.

  C. I can deal with it when things go wrong.

  D. I am the one who is in charge of my life.

  E. Things worth having are worth the effort.

  F. There is more than one way to do something.

  G. I cannot make somebody like me just like someone cannot get me to like them.

  三、完形填空

  Miracles(奇迹)come in moments.

  The scene of this minor miracle ______ in the living room of my house under an old, broken ceiling fan(吊扇)with a little glass angel hanging from its pull string(挂绳).

  My youngest son has a severe form of autism(自闭症). ______ he is in his twenties now he still has the mind of a small ______. He speaks only a few words. He is always ______ in his own world. Most of the time he is happy but there are also times when he can be terribly ______. He will cry for no ______ that I can see. He will even hit himself. It always hurts me to see him suffer this way ______ when there is little I can do to help.

  This morning was particularly trying for him. He ______ on and off for an hour. Finally he ______. I was still feeling stressed, however, and wearily sat down at my computer to see if I could get a little work done.

  As I was turning it ______, though, I heard my son ______ for the first time all day. I turned my head and saw him ______ directly under the glass angel hanging from our ceiling fan. The light from our house lamps seemed to shine and sparkle all around him like a halo(光环). His eyes sparkled too as the little ______ swung gently above his head. He laughed again and ______ at me.

  At that moment my heart opened. I could see that the miracle was ______ me that my son was more than his autism. I saw the ______ and light of his spirit and knew he was here for a(n) ______. My eyes watered and I feel ______ for this minor miracle and gentle reminder of his love for all of us.

  Miracles are all around us, but we ______ always see them with our eyes. We often have to see them with our ______. Keep your heart open to them then. And let yourself be the miracle you are meant to be!

  1.A. breaks outB. goes upC. takes placeD. comes back

  2.A. Ever sinceB. As ifC. Now thatD. Even though

  3.A. childB. studentC. foolD. host

  4.A. busyB. lostC. patientD. nervous

  5.A. upsetB. dangerousC. injuredD. disappointed

  6.A. hopeB. doubtC. reasonD. surprise

  7.A. hardlyB. especiallyC. quietlyD. naturally

  8.A. paintedB. worriedC. laughedD. cried

  9.A. broke downB. calmed downC. fell downD. jumped down

  10.A. onB. upC. offD. over

  11.A. forgiveB. apologizeC. laughD. call

  12.A. pullingB. wanderingC. lyingD. standing

  13.A. angelB. lightC. roofD. spirit

  14.A. glancedB. glaredC. staredD. smiled

  15.A. trickingB. remindingC. watchingD. seeking

  16.A. loveB. painC. concernD. shock

  17.A. interviewB. awardC. visitD. purpose

  18.A. sorryB. gratefulC. curiousD. responsible

  19.A. shouldn’tB. mustn’tC. can’tD. needn’t

  20.A. heartsB. glassesC. thoughtsD. strengths

  四、语法填空

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内答(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  China is leading the world in facial recognition algorithms(人脸识别算法). It is reported that its best algorithm can recognize l0 million people 1. a single mistake in less than a second.

  The top five of the 39 facial recognition algorithms in the world come from China, according to a test, 2. released the results for 20xx last Friday. YITU Technology, 3. Shanghai-based company that claimed both the top and second spot on the list, said that its top algorithm is able 4. (recognize)nearly every person in a sample base of 10 million. However, “it is very likely for a human brain to make 5. (mistake) in recognizing the identities of 100 people,” the company said. Algorithms from Beijing-based company Sense Time 6. (win) the third and fourth spot, while the Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology(SIAT)claimed 7. (five) in the test. YITU said that high facial recognition accuracy(精确)means that users gain 8. (good) experiences when 9. (use) related products. For example, when a user uses facial ID for payment on a smartphone, it will not authorize the payment for someone else with a similar 10. (appear)as the user, the company noted.

  五、短文改错

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的.词用斜线()划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  Li Bai was a great poet in the Tang Dynasty of China. It’s said that in his childhood, he was very fond playing and afraid of difficulties, and made no effort in her studies. one day, in his way home after school, he walked by a creek and saw the old woman grinding a very, very thick iron rod. Being curious, he went to the old woman and ask, “Old grandma, why are you grinding this iron rod” The old woman replied, “To making a needle.” At this moment, Li Bai felt more curious and asked again, “How can you grind such a thick iron rod that into a needle” “Yes. I can. certainly can,” the old woman said. “If one works with constantly efforts, one can grind an iron rod into a needle.” Hearing how the old woman said, Li Bai was enlightened. Since then, Li Bai studied hard and made rapid progresses. Eventually he became a famous poet.

  六、提纲类作文

  为迎接世界图书日,我校将举办一场英语演讲比赛活动。假设你是学校的播音员,请你用英文写一篇广播稿,内容要点如下:

  1. 活动时间和地点:4月23日(周二)下午2点,学校操场;

  2. 活动主题:Reading and Progress;

  3. 由外教Mr. Smith担任评委,赛后他将和大家交流如何培养阅读习惯;

  4. 邀请师生观赛。

  注意:1. 100词左右,开头已为你写好,不计入总词数;

  2. 广播稿应包括以上要点,可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

  参考词汇:世界图书日World Book Day 评委judge

  Dear teachers and schoolmates,

  May I have your attention, please ____________________________________________________________

  ____________________________________________________________________________________________

  ____________________________________________________________________________________________

  ____________________________________________________________________________________________

  ____________________________________________________________________________________________

  ____________________________________________________________________________________________

  _________________________________________________________________________________

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