英语完全及物动词语法

时间:2017-11-08 编辑:莹莹 手机版

  下面是小编搜集整理的英语完全及物动词语法,快来看看吧。

  完全及物动词

  稍早提到,完全及物动词就是加了宾语后意思很完整的动词,有主动及被动两个语态。在此,我们要与大家讨论主动语态。至于被动语态用法,我们则将在语态的专篇中再讨论。完全及物动词在主动语态中,用法极为简单,句型如下:主语+完全及物动词+宾语(Object,简称O.)

  例:Peter loves music.

  (彼得喜爱音乐。)

  They want to go dancing.

  (他们要去跳舞。)

  He thinks that the book is good.

  (他认为这本书很好。)

  完全及物动词用法

  完全及物动词的宾语有名词、代词、不定式、动名词、名词从句及名词短语等。同学稍加注意,就可发现这些词类、短语或从句均有名词的特性,故亦同时可以做主语。

  1.名词充当及物动词的宾语

  例:he didn't but that car.

  (他没有买那部车。)

  2.代词充当及物动词的宾语

  例:i don't like john,indeed,i hate him.

  (我不喜欢约翰,事实上,我恨他。)

  3.动名词充当及物动词的宾语:并非所有及物动词均可用动名词做宾语。常以动名词做宾语的动词有下列几个:

  例:he considered studying abroad.

  (他考虑出国念书。)

  i once imagined going to the beach with them.

  (我曾想象和他们去海边。)

  i just can't fancy getting along with them.

  (我无法想象和他们相处的情形。)

  he risked doing it.

  (他冒险做这事。)

  i avoided seeing him again.

  (我避免再看见他。)

  he escaped being killed in the accident.

  (他在意外中幸免于难。)

  they suggested putting off the game.

  (他们建议比赛延期。)

  he recommended traveling abroad.

  (他建议去国外旅行。)

  i enjoy dancing.

  (我喜欢跳舞。)

  i resent having to do so much work.

  (我讨厌要做这么多工作。)

  i practiced playing the piano.

  (我练习弹钢琴。)

  he stopped/quit smoking.

  (他戒烟了。)

  would you mind opening the window for me?

  (你介意为我打开窗户吗?)

  注意

  resist+v-ing 拒绝=refuse+to+原形动词

  例:i refused to do it.

  (我拒绝做此事。)

  i couldn't resist crying when i heard the sad news.

  (我听见这个令人悲伤的消息时,忍不住哭了出来。)

  注意

  expect+to+原形动词 期望……=anticipate+v-ing

  例:i expect to travel around the world with him.

  =i anticipate travelling around the world with him.

  (我期望和他一起环游世界。)

  注意

  stop+v-ing 停止=quit+v-ing=cease+v-ing/to+原形动词

  例:he stopped writing when he saw me.

  (当他看见我时就不写了。)

  he decided to quit smoking.

  (他决定戒烟。)

  he ceased to talk to her/(talking to her)after he knew she was so bad.

  (当他知道她这么坏时,就不再和她说话。)

相关文章