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英文参考文献格式

时间:2021-05-21 16:34:54 参考文献 我要投稿

关于英文参考文献格式

  参考文献是文章或著作等写作过程中参考过的文献。以下是小编精心整理的英文参考文献格式,欢迎阅读,希望大家能够喜欢。

  格式要求

  一、翻译的外文文献一般为1~2篇,外文字符要求不少于1.5万(或翻译成中文后至少在3000字以上)。

  二、翻译的外文文献应主要选自学术期刊、学术会议的文章、有关着作及其他相关材料,应与毕业论文(设计)主题相关,并作为外文参考文献列入毕业论文(设计)的参考文献。并在每篇中文译文首页用“脚注”形式注明原文作者及出处,中文译文后应附外文原文。

  三、中文译文的基本撰写格式为题目采用小三号黑体字居中打印,正文采用宋体小四号字,行间距一般为固定值20磅,标准字符间距。页边距为左3cm,右2.5cm,上下各2.5cm,页面统一采用A4纸。

  四、封面格式由学校统一制作(注:封面上的“翻译题目”指中文译文的`题目,附件1为一篇外文翻译的封面格式,附件二为两篇外文翻译的封面格式),若有两篇外文文献,请按“封面、译文一、外文原文一、译文二、外文原文二”的顺序统一装订。

  标题(20字以内,可用副标题补充说明,4号黑体加粗。居中)

  (5号 空一行)

  外文作者署名(Times New Roman5号,居中)

  (5号 空一行)

  (外文翻译成中文的内容)(5号宋体)

  (5号 空一行)

  外文着录

  (填写此项内容)(5号宋体)

  按照: 着录/ 题名/ 出版事项顺序排列注明

  期刊--着者,题名,期刊名称,出版年,卷号(期号),起始页码。

  书籍--着者,书名,版次(第一版不标注),出版地,出版者,出版年,起始页码。

  说明:译文前面附被翻译的外文原件复印件,复印件用与论文稿纸相同大小的白纸(A4纸张)复印

  参考文献范例:

  [1] FREDERICK S,RICHARD B,ERIC M, Full body interface pressure testing as a method for performance evaluation of clinical support surfaces [Jj. Applied Ergonomics, 1998,29(6): 491-497.

  [2]Roy J E, Dick F S, Eus J W.Skin temperature and sleep-onset latency: Changes with age and insomnia [J]. Physiology Behavior, 2007, 90(2-3): 257~266.

  [3]Hyunja L, Sejin P. Quantitative effects of mattress types (comfortable vs. uncomfortable) on sleep quality through poly-somnography and skin temperature[J]. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics,2006, 36(11): 943一949.

  [4]Miguel L T, Rosa P J. Objective firmness, average pressure and subjective perception in mattresses for the elderly [ J].Applied Ergonomics, 2008, 39(1):123-130.

  [5]Ling L T,Hau M L.Effects of bedding systems selected by manual muscle testing on sleep-related respiratory disturbances [J] .Applied Ergonomics, 2008,39(2):261-270.

  [6]Haex B. Back and bed: Ergonomic Aspects of Sleeping CRC Press, Boca Raton,FL, 2004.

  [7]Hildebrandt V H, Back pain in the working population: prevalence rates in Dutch trades and professions [J]. Ergonomics, 1995, 38.

  [8]Lee H, Park S. Quantitative effects of mattress type on sleep quality through polysomnography and skin temperature [J]. Industrial Ergonomics, 2006, 36:934-949.

  [9]Jacobson B H,Wallace T J, Smith D B, et al. Grouped comparisons of sleep quality for new and personal bedding systems [J]. Applied Ergonomics, 2007,39.

  [10]Bader.GQ Engdal S. The influence of bed firmness on sleep quality [J]. Applied Ergonomics, 2000,31.

  [11]BUCKXEP, FERN ANDES A. Mattress evaluation-assessment of a cont act pres sure,comfort and discomfort [J]. Applied Ergonomics, 1998,29(1)。

  [12]DE VOCHTAJW, WILDERB D Q BANDST RABER. Biomechanical evaluation of our different mattresses [J]. Applied Ergonomics,2006,37(3)。

  [13]Allyson Tenney.Technical Rationale for the Standard for the Flammability (Open Flame) of Mattress Sets and Responses to Related Public Comments[J].Engineering Sciences,2006(6)。

  [14]Alihankaa J,Vaahtorantaa K. A static charge sensitive bed:A new method for recording body movements during sleep Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology[J]. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics,1979,46 (6)。

  [15]Slater K. Human comfort[M], Spring.eld. IL,1985.

  [16]Leea H, Park S- Quantitative effects of mattress types(comfortable vs uncomfortable)on sleep quality through polysomnography and skin temperature[J]. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 2006,36(11)。

  [17] CPSC 16 CFR Part 1633,Standard for the Flammability (Open Flame) of Mattress Sets; Final Rule. Consumer Product Safety Commission[S]. March 15,2006.

  [18] Memorandum from Allyson Tenney, ES,to Margaret Neily, Engineering Sciences. Technical Rationale for the Standard for the Flammability (Open Flame) of Mattress Sets and Responses to Related Public Comments[R]. January 6,2006.

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