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考研英语语法小讲

时间:2021-03-01 10:23:33 考研英语 我要投稿

2018考研英语语法小讲

  在谓语动词、介词、动词不定式、分词、动名词之后都可以带有宾语从句。某些形容词如sure, happy, glad, certain, pleased 等之后也可以带有宾语从句。

2018考研英语语法小讲

  1.that 引导的'宾语从句: that 没有意义,在口语或非正式文体中常省略:如:

  I really feel she’s making a mistake. 我的确感到她正犯错误。

  James said (that) he was feeling better. 詹姆斯说他感到好些了。

  Hearing that his son was badly wounded, he hurried to the hospital to see him. 听说儿子受了重伤,他急忙赶到医院去看望他。

  I suggested that we should go home. 我建议我们回家去。虚拟语气,that 一般不能省略。

  2.whether/if (是否)引导的宾语从句:如果要突出“究竟是…还是不…”,常在whether 后面加or not; if 一般不与or not连用。如:

  He asked me if/whether I knew John. 他问我是否认识约翰。

  Let me know whether you can come or not. 你能来还是不能来,告诉我一声。

  3.在think, believe, suppose, expect 等动词的宾语从句中,否定不用在从句中,而是将think 等词变为否定形式。

  For example:

  I don’t think the film is interesting. 我觉得这部电影没什么意思。

  I don’t suppose we are going outing tomorrow. 我认为我们明天不会出去郊游。

  4.如果从句作宾语而后面还有补语,为了保持句子的平衡,用it 作形式宾语,而将宾语从句放在句尾。常跟这样的复合宾语的动词有:make, find, see, hear, feel, think, consider, regard, take….for granted等。如:

  George made it clear that he opposed this project. 乔治已明确表示他反对这个项目。it 代表that 引导的句子,作宾语,clear 是宾语补足语。

  They kept it quiet that he was dead. 对他已经死亡的消息,他们秘而不宣。

  I took it for granted that you’d stay with us. 我想当然认为你会和我们呆在一起。