Strategic conception of "The Belt and Road" means that China's opening up strategic change. This concept has aroused high attention and strong sympathy from both domestic and relevant countries, regions and even the whole world. The reason for such a huge effect is that this grand concept has far-reaching significance.
First of all, "the strategic conception of The Belt and Road" conforms to the needs of the regional structural transformation of the opening up of china. As we all know, in 1978 the party held in the third Plenary Session of the 11th CPC Central Committee opened the historical journey of China's reform and opening up. From the beginning of 1979, we have established 5 special economic zones including Shenzhen, opening and development of the 14 coastal port city of Shanghai and Pudong New Area, have opened 13 border and 6 along the Yangtze River and 18 inland provincial capital city, set up a special policy Park many. But clearly, pre opening key in the southeast coast, Guangdong, Fujian, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shanghai and other provinces and cities to become the "leader" and the first beneficiary, while the majority of the Midwest has always played the role of "followers", which caused the regional imbalance in the East and the west to a certain extent. "The Belt and Road" especially "area" originated in the west, mainly through the west to West Asia and Europe, this will make the geographical pattern of China's opening up a major adjustment, from the central and western regions as the new development and revitalization affects to bear responsibility for 2/3 of the land area of the region, and the eastern region together go out of the Chinese task. At the same time, the eastern region is building a "free trade zone" through the continuous style to further enhance the level of opening to the outside world. It is still an important engine for China's overall opening to the outside world.
Secondly, the strategy of The Belt and Road "conforms to the Chinese factor flow transformation and international industrial transfer needs. In the initial stage of reform and opening up, China's economic development level is low, so we urgently need capital, technology and management mode. Therefore, the opening to the outside world was mainly based on the introduction of foreign capital, foreign advanced technology and management mode. Data show that from 1979 to 2012, China has introduced 763278 foreign investment projects, and the total amount of foreign capital actually utilized has reached US $1 trillion and 276 billion 108 million. It is undeniable that these foreign enterprises and foreign capital play a big role in promoting China's economic development, technological progress and management modernization. It can be said that this is a major shift from an international industry dominated by developed countries. Now, despite the need for large-scale and effective investment and technological upgrading, we already have the capability of factor output. According to statistics, at the end of 2014, China's foreign investment has exceeded 100 billion U. s.dollars, has become a net exporter of capital. "The Belt and Road construction to conform to the new trend of China factor flow. "The Belt and Road" strategy through policy communication, roads Unicom, trade flow, the circulation of money, the people connected to the "five links", the factors of production Chinese, especially the quality of excess capacity transfer out, let along with the "road" in developing countries and regions in the country to share the fruits of development.
Third, "the strategic conception of The Belt and Road" conforms to the need of economic cooperation with other countries Chinese structure changes. In the early Chinese opening, developed economies in Europe and the United States and Japan as the representative of the capital, technology and management advantages, and long-term in a closed state of the Chinese just become their biggest investment paradise. Therefore, China's early opening to the outside world can be said to be mainly aimed at developed countries and regions. Now, China's economy is facing the task of overall transformation and upgrading. The long-term construction of some production capacity needs a way out, but there are still many developing countries in the world, but they are faced with the same problems as china. Therefore, through the "The Belt and Road" construction, to help these countries and regions such as roads, bridges, ports and other infrastructure, help them develop some industries such as textiles and clothing, household appliances, and automobile manufacturing, iron and steel, electric power, and improve the level of production capacity of their economic development, conforms to the need to upgrade the industrial China technology.
Fourth, "the strategic conception of The Belt and Road" conforms to the needs of international trade and economic cooperation mechanism transformation. In 2001, China joined the WTO and became a member of the world trade organization. China's accession to the WTO has had a tremendous impact on all aspects of China's economy. It can be said that WTO, which is unanimously adhered to by the majority of member countries in the national economic and trade mechanism, has broken the blockade of a few countries on China's economy to a certain extent. However, in recent years, the international economic and trade mechanism has undergone profound changes and new trends. "The Belt and Road Chinese" strategy and the strategy of free trade zones are closely linked. Data show that China is currently building a free trade zone, involving 32 countries and regions. In the construction of the free trade area, mostly in the "The Belt and Road along.
Therefore, the strategy will China free trade area with the implementation of the "The Belt and Road" strategy and carry out and develop. "New opportunities facing the construction of The Belt and Road"